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Who Should Pay to Defend Europe?

by John Brian Shannon

U.S. President Donald Trump has begun a conversation about how NATO allies should pay ‘their fair share’ for European defense, and that some countries ‘owe’ the United States for decades of protection from the former Soviet Union and from today’s Russian Federation.

United States Marshall Plan Aid logo

US Marshall Plan Aid logo. Click on the image for more information about the U.S Marshall Plan for European reconstruction.


Let’s examine how we got to this point:

Germany started two world wars in the 20th century which killed millions of people.

The Allied Powers defeated Germany at great cost in lives, and in dollars which could have been used to fuel future GDP growth.

The U.S. (alone) proposed and paid for the Marshall Plan, a fund to feed the people of postwar Europe, to rebuild the destroyed infrastructure, and to guide Europe (politically and economically) towards a more unified continent. (No more feudalistic thinking = no more feudalistic wars)

The Marshall Plan fund amounted to approx. $14 billion dollars (probably about $120 billion in 2016 dollars) and it DID rebuild Europe.


TIMEOUT: By the way, there’s no sense in blaming today’s Germans for WWI or WWII — as any of the people who caused those wars are long since dead. Only the grandchildren and great-grandchildren of WWI and WWII are alive today. In today’s world Germans are our brothers and sisters, not our enemy.


In the postwar period the United States was able (on account of its flourishing economy) to help all of Europe, especially Britain, France and Germany to become all that they could and should be.

The U.S.A. was very generous with economic aid and expertise, and with their oversized defense spending much of which was allocated to defend Europe throughout the Cold War.

And let’s not forget, there wouldn’t have been a Cold War at all, except for the fact that Russia suffered over 100 million casualties in two World Wars via invasion from Europe. Therefore, I again blame ‘some dead Germans’ — but zero numbers of living Germans. They are just as perplexed as we are as to why there had to be a WWI and a WWII, and a follow-on Cold War.

The U.S. *volunteered* to spend multi-billions to help defend Europe from the perceived Soviet threat, it was not demanded by European leaders. America volunteered to step-up to the task.

For decades, the United States paid more than half the cost of defending Europe from the Soviet Union. More than half!

But it *was* voluntary.

And doing so indirectly benefited America by keeping any future threat in Europe before that Soviet threat could arrive on American territory. (The thinking was that if the Soviets attacked the U.S. they would first need to neutralize Europe — which would have been a big job even for the mighty Soviet Union at the peak of its power)


And it DID work.

It’s just that America paid far more than any other country in history has paid to defend another country, or any group of countries.

Which the Europeans appreciated and quite frankly, got used to. The case could be made that the Europeans ‘took advantage of’ American generosity and it continues to this day.

And I feel that’s a fair comment.

Rather than spending the 2% of GDP that all NATO members have agreed, some NATO countries are spending only 1% toward (NATO) defense — and the missing 1% on social welfare programs, or on R&D for their companies, or on enhancing their balance of trade — which sometimes results in an unfair balance-of-trade result for the Americans. How unfair!

I think President Trump is right to address it. But I caution him that it was successive U.S. administrations that got European leaders ‘hooked’ on the drug of American economic and military largess.

Therefore, I feel he should ‘go easy’ on the Europeans and give them time to ‘rehab’ from their U.S. addiction.


At the end of it all, ‘it worked’ in countless ways for all of the Western allies — let’s never forget that the Western powers kept the peace via NATO — thereby preventing a nuclear exchange with the Soviets by empowering Europe as the vanguard against Soviet adventurism.

And let’s not forget that it was Europe that invaded the Soviet Union (twice) and was responsible for the creation of the follow-on Cold War (which bled the economies of the Soviet bloc and the NATO bloc for 40-years) it was never the Soviets that started it.

So, to the ‘free-riders’ in NATO; It’s time to pay your fair share and get off of the drug of American economic and military largess.

All of which could and should be accomplished by 2020 — any later target would be insulting to the Americans and should be viewed with disdain.

It’s just that it’s now time for NATO allies to pay their fair share — the share they should’ve been paying all along.

North Korea: Will it be Diplomacy or War?

by John Brian Shannon

The hands of the nuclear doomsday clock were recently moved to 2.5 minutes to midnight, signifying we’re closer to nuclear Armageddon than at almost any time in history and with the implication that we’re moving in the wrong direction.

It is news that most people don’t want to hear, it’s easier to simply block those things out while waiting for the blinding flashes that will end life on the planet.

Regardless, there are some on this world who want life to continue and are working against the march towards nuclear confrontation and the concomitant and devastating aftermath of nuclear war.

Doomsday clock reset to 2.5 minutes to midnight in January 2017

“Two and a half minutes to midnight. That’s the new setting of the Doomsday Clock, the iconic symbol that attempts to show just how close humanity is to inadvertently ending the world.

In an announcement this morning, the Science and Security Board of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists—which runs the Doomsday Clock—moved the hands of the clock 30 seconds nearer to midnight, the closest it has been since 1953, when the Soviet Union and the U.S. exploded their first hydrogen bombs and the threat of worldwide nuclear annihilation seemed very real.”Why Doomsday Is Closer Than You Think (TIME)


Former General Secretary of the Soviet Union and President of Russia, Mikhail Gorbachev — one of the ‘adults in the room’ who ended the destructive Cold War in 1989 — said in January 2017:

“The world today is overwhelmed with problems. Policymakers seem to be confused and at a loss.

But no problem is more urgent today than the militarization of politics and the new arms race. Stopping and reversing this ruinous race must be our top priority.

The current situation is too dangerous.

Politicians and military leaders sound increasingly belligerent and defense doctrines more dangerous. Commentators and TV personalities are joining the bellicose chorus. It all looks as if the world is preparing for war.” Mikhail Gorbachev: ‘It All Looks as if the World Is Preparing for War’ (TIME)


Former Defense Secretary of the United States and Professor (emeritus) William Perry — also ‘one of the adults in the room’ who worked to end the Cold War — recently posted the following at his website:

“Today, the danger of some sort of a nuclear catastrophe is greater than it was during the Cold War and most people are blissfully unaware of this danger.”

“The gravest security threat of our time is the danger of a nuclear weapon being detonated in one of our cities.”

“Last year the Doomsday clock was set at 3 minutes to midnight, the closest it has been to global “midnight” since the iciest days of the Cold War. This ominous pronouncement reflected own my fears that we were now in greater danger of nuclear catastrophe than we were during the Cold War, with the growing threat of nuclear terrorism, the continued risk of accidents and miscalculation, and the possibility of regional nuclear war and continued nuclear proliferation around the world.

Today the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists announced that we have moved closer to global catastrophe, for the first time setting the clock 30 seconds ahead to 2 and a half minutes to midnight, approaching a time not seen since the United States and Soviet Russia first developed the h-bomb.

We must heed this dire warning as a call to action.

There are concrete steps that we can take to reduce the risk of nuclear annihilation, such as outlined by the scientists at the Bulletin, but we must start today.” William J. Perry former U.S. Secretary of Defense (William J. Perry Project)

The video above is based on only one scenario of many that could initiate a full-fledged nuclear war.

In reality, nuclear-armed terrorists hitting America are the least of all fears.

If the public knew the limits of groups like ISIS, such groups would be quickly dismissed as a threat to the United States — due to their inability to operate outside of their home territory and their lack of understanding of, and access to, nuclear devices.

There are countless other ways however, that nuclear war could happen.

The aftermath of which would leave a world without any living vegetation (perhaps a small corner of the Amazon might survive the nuclear fallout carried thousands of miles by the clouds, which then rain down killing all plants, trees, and crops within hours or days) and (as those same clouds also rain down on the seas and lakes) most marine and aquatic life would perish.


Surely the human race is smarter than that.
Or are we?

It seems that a certain amount of momentum has been created by the rhetoric coming out of several capital cities in recent months which moves us towards larger defense budgets, increased force projection, and opportunities for conflict enlargement.

Shortly after the creation and first-use of an atomic bomb in warfare, Albert Einstein famously remarked;

“It has become appallingly obvious that our technology has exceeded our humanity.”Albert Einstein

Let’s hope that in the 21st-century that our humanity exceeds our technology. If that isn’t true, we probably won’t have to worry about it for long as we’ll soon be reduced to carbon dust.

“We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them.”Albert Einstein

Therefore, let us embrace new thinking to solve our old problems that our old thinking hasn’t solved over decades of time.


Every day we teach others how to treat us

And so it is in politics; Nations are led by human beings, not artificial intelligence bots.

If we treat a leader of a country as a common criminal, he will eventually defer to acting the part of a criminal and we will suffer for it. If he can then gain access to nuclear weapons, so much the worse for us and for him. We must be careful what we ‘teach’ such people.

So much better would it be to make every world leader, ‘part of the solution, instead of part of the problem’. So tell me, why aren’t we doing that?

“All war represents a failure of diplomacy.” — British statesman Tony Benn

As we know all to well — a failure of diplomacy leads to war.


The Cold War ended not through military supremacy (as some wrongly believe) but by employing diplomatic engagement between Soviet and Western leaders

Yes, the case can easily be made that ‘Peace through Strength’ helped to prevent all-out war with the Soviet Union, not only during the Reagan administration, but through the entire Cold War period.

And just as definitively, an equally compelling case can be made that the strength of the Western economy led primarily by the United States, helped to prevent a war to end all wars between the Soviet and the Western blocs.

Those two factors worked to create enough space for politicians and their diplomats to solve the then-intractable problems of the Cold War era. And just in time, it’s been said countless times.

Let me be clear; It wasn’t huge military budgets nor fancy weapons systems that ended the Cold War. Nor was it the presumed superiority of the Western economy or its banking sector. It was the use of diplomatic engagement over decades of time by professional diplomats on both sides that ended the Cold War.


We need to make North Korea “part of the solution, instead of part of the problem”

Instead of endless sabre-rattling and lurid accusations, we need to begin a long-term and full-on constructive engagement with Kim Jong Un of North Korea and with every department of the DPRK government even if it takes 20-years to achieve our goals of peace, order, and good government in the Democratic People’s Republic of North Korea.

Anything less will result in a failure of diplomacy with a nuclear-armed nation… and there’s only one end to that scenario.

Please tell me we’re better than that.


How?

North Korea lies in a productive agricultural region and although its agronomy isn’t advanced, it could be with some foreign investment and knowledge-sharing by the West, by Japan, and by others in the region.

By inviting North Korea to grow grains to be used for aviation biofuel we could accomplish many goals at once.

Global general aviation represents 2% of all global CO2 emissions using conventional petroleum kerosene fuel — but airlines that use biofuels (and Boeing Aircraft) report that emission levels drop by up to 80% when those aircraft burn a 50/50 blend of kerosene and biofuel sourced from non-food grains, and they further report that jet engines require half the normal maintenance schedule because biofuel blends burn so clean.

NASA Study Confirms Biofuels Reduce Jet Engine Pollution (NASA)

By making North Korea part of the solution instead of part of the problem, we could not only solve their threatening behaviors which are typical of developing nation leaders trying to bully their way into the club of developed nations, we could also cut global airline emissions by half or two-thirds, and prolong jet engine lifecycles.

Purchasing vast quantities of biofuel from North Korea would improve their economy and bring it into the 21st-century in many respects.

“Treat a man as he is and he will remain as he is. Treat a man as he can and should be and he will become all that he can and should be.”Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Arguably, this quote can apply to the macro-political world, and if it were to be successfully overseen to its practical conclusion it would allow North Korea’s 25-million citizens to join our modern way of life and serve to moderate their views about the West and other developed nations via increased exposure to developed world norms.

Who knows? North Koreans might allow their kids to have limited internet access, or (eventually) allow their older students to study abroad. (All of which and more has happened in previous decades for people who lived in formerly, politically isolated nations)

Making North Korea ‘Part of the Solution, instead of Part of the Problem’ should be the only goal under consideration by leaders of all nations, including the leaders of the United States.


It’s time for some geopolitical statesmanship by the United States

…On the scale of former U.S. Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger’s ‘Shuttle Diplomacy’ where he negotiated the agreement President Richard Nixon and Kissinger himself wanted; A politically open China, one that would engage in global trade. (Which certainly seems to have worked!)

…On the scale of the Marshall Plan to rebuild postwar Europe. (Again, a stunning success, by any standard!)

…On the scale of the plan to rebuild postwar Japan and de-feudalize their society. (Another stunning success!)

…On the scale of the Moonshot first proposed by Ike Eisenhower, and later convincingly proclaimed by John F. Kennedy be accomplished within a decade. (Another astonishing success!)

…On the scale of ending the Cold War by the brightest minds the world has yet known. (Another success that allowed life to continue on planet Earth!)

…On the scale of succeeding through the great depression and improving the way of life of millions of Americans. (Yet another success story!)

…And on the scale of bringing modern technology to advance the lives of billions of people. (Again, success after success!)

This is not the time for war, this is the time for true political leadership by the most advanced nation in the world, with a vision of the caliber that we’ve witnessed in previous decades, under previous presidents.


Start with a clean sheet!

This is the time for a true and new vision — a complete remake of an inherited situation — as if we sat down and wrote out on a clean sheet of paper, the very best result that we could possibly achieve for ourselves and for the citizens of North Korea.

“Begin with the end result in mind.” — Stephen R. Covey (7 Habits of Highly Effective People)

This is the time to prove American political leadership continues and that the wherewithal to accomplish vital and profitable goals still resides in the heart of America.

This isn’t the 20th-century, where we practiced ‘Win-Lose’ paradigms — like the animals that live in the jungle.

This is the 21st-century where anything less than ‘Win-Win’ represents a total and humiliating failure of human beings to live at a higher level than members of the animal kingdom.

In our young 21st-century we are now tested to decide; Have we progressed beyond the reductive thought-processes of the animal kingdom, or are we (still) peers with them?

The great question now falls to this generation; Are we bigger and smarter than our human-made problems, or is our default solution to ‘bomb our way out’ of every problem?


Related Articles:

  • The Cassandras are warning of nuclear doom – so why doesn’t Canada seem to care? (The Globe and Mail) “Canada’s ambassador for disarmament to the United Nations and chair of the UN Disarmament Committee, Douglas Roche does not want to be Cassandra. No one wants to be Cassandra in the field of nuclear prophecy, because the thing about Cassandra is that her terrible visions came true. The other thing about Cassandra is that no one listened to her.”
  • How Did the Cold War Really End? (The New York Review of Books) “The notion that the Reagan administration was so successful in turning the military balance of power against the Soviet Union that the Kremlin leaders had no option but to change the system and seek accommodation with the United States is lacking also in historical perspective.”
  • The End of the Cold War: 1985–1991 (A book by Robert Service) “…shows how a small but skillful group of statesmen grew determined to end the Cold War on their watch and transformed the global political landscape irreversibly.”
  • North Korean Nukes and the Grand International-Relations Experiment in Asia (The Atlantic) “Let’s start with North Korea’s explanation for its missile program. It argues really that it is defensive and it doesn’t want to intimidate anyone else, except as that’s necessary for its defense. And after all, the U.S. had threatened to drop nuclear bombs on [North Korea] during the Korean War, and has implicitly or explicitly made nuclear threats in periods of tension. [U.S. Secretary of State] Tillerson has just threatened a pre-emptive strike, and while we see this only as a last-ditch defensive measure, I’m sure North Korea sees it quite differently.”
  • William Perry’s Nuclear Nightmare – Full YouTube Video 40:24 (Future of Life Institute at MIT) “Former Secretary of Defense William Perry presents his nuclear nightmare and discusses why he believes the risk of nuclear catastrophe is greater now than it was at any time during the Cold War.”

President Donald Trump: Speech to Congress – February 2017

PRESIDENT DONALD J. TRUMP’S ADDRESS TO A JOINT SESSION OF CONGRESS FEBRUARY 28, 2017

Remarks as prepared for delivery

TO THE CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES:

Mr. Speaker, Mr. Vice President, Members of Congress, the First Lady of the United States, and Citizens of America:

Tonight, as we mark the conclusion of our celebration of Black History Month, we are reminded of our Nation’s path toward civil rights and the work that still remains. Recent threats targeting Jewish Community Centers and vandalism of Jewish cemeteries, as well as last week’s shooting in Kansas City, remind us that while we may be a Nation divided on policies, we are a country that stands united in condemning hate and evil in all its forms.
Each American generation passes the torch of truth, liberty and justice — in an unbroken chain all the way down to the present.

That torch is now in our hands. And we will use it to light up the world. I am here tonight to deliver a message of unity and strength, and it is a message deeply delivered from my heart.

A new chapter of American Greatness is now beginning.

A new national pride is sweeping across our Nation.

And a new surge of optimism is placing impossible dreams firmly within our grasp.

What we are witnessing today is the Renewal of the American Spirit.

Our allies will find that America is once again ready to lead.

All the nations of the world — friend or foe — will find that America is strong, America is proud, and America is free.

In 9 years, the United States will celebrate the 250th anniversary of our founding — 250 years since the day we declared our Independence.

It will be one of the great milestones in the history of the world.

But what will America look like as we reach our 250th year? What kind of country will we leave for our children?

I will not allow the mistakes of recent decades past to define the course of our future.

For too long, we’ve watched our middle class shrink as we’ve exported our jobs and wealth to foreign countries.

We’ve financed and built one global project after another, but ignored the fates of our children in the inner cities of Chicago, Baltimore, Detroit — and so many other places throughout our land.

We’ve defended the borders of other nations, while leaving our own borders wide open, for anyone to cross — and for drugs to pour in at a now unprecedented rate.

And we’ve spent trillions of dollars overseas, while our infrastructure at home has so badly crumbled.

Then, in 2016, the earth shifted beneath our feet. The rebellion started as a quiet protest, spoken by families of all colors and creeds — families who just wanted a fair shot for their children, and a fair hearing for their concerns.

But then the quiet voices became a loud chorus — as thousands of citizens now spoke out together, from cities small and large, all across our country.

Finally, the chorus became an earthquake — and the people turned out by the tens of millions, and they were all united by one very simple, but crucial demand, that America must put its own citizens first … because only then, can we truly MAKE AMERICA GREAT AGAIN.

Dying industries will come roaring back to life. Heroic veterans will get the care they so desperately need.

Our military will be given the resources its brave warriors so richly deserve.

Crumbling infrastructure will be replaced with new roads, bridges, tunnels, airports and railways gleaming across our beautiful land.

Our terrible drug epidemic will slow down and ultimately, stop.

And our neglected inner cities will see a rebirth of hope, safety, and opportunity.

Above all else, we will keep our promises to the American people.

It’s been a little over a month since my inauguration, and I want to take this moment to update the Nation on the progress I’ve made in keeping those promises.

Since my election, Ford, Fiat-Chrysler, General Motors, Sprint, Softbank, Lockheed, Intel, Walmart, and many others, have announced that they will invest billions of dollars in the United States and will create tens of thousands of new American jobs.

The stock market has gained almost three trillion dollars in value since the election on November 8th, a record. We’ve saved taxpayers hundreds of millions of dollars by bringing down the price of the fantastic new F-35 jet fighter, and will be saving billions more dollars on contracts all across our Government. We have placed a hiring freeze on non-military and non-essential Federal workers.

We have begun to drain the swamp of government corruption by imposing a 5 year ban on lobbying by executive branch officials — and a lifetime ban on becoming lobbyists for a foreign government.

We have undertaken a historic effort to massively reduce job‑crushing regulations, creating a deregulation task force inside of every Government agency; imposing a new rule which mandates that for every 1 new regulation, 2 old regulations must be eliminated; and stopping a regulation that threatens the future and livelihoods of our great coal miners.

We have cleared the way for the construction of the Keystone and Dakota Access Pipelines — thereby creating tens of thousands of jobs — and I’ve issued a new directive that new American pipelines be made with American steel.

We have withdrawn the United States from the job-killing Trans-Pacific Partnership.

With the help of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, we have formed a Council with our neighbors in Canada to help ensure that women entrepreneurs have access to the networks, markets and capital they need to start a business and live out their financial dreams.

To protect our citizens, I have directed the Department of Justice to form a Task Force on Reducing Violent Crime.

I have further ordered the Departments of Homeland Security and Justice, along with the Department of State and the Director of National Intelligence, to coordinate an aggressive strategy to dismantle the criminal cartels that have spread across our Nation.

We will stop the drugs from pouring into our country and poisoning our youth — and we will expand treatment for those who have become so badly addicted.

At the same time, my Administration has answered the pleas of the American people for immigration enforcement and border security. By finally enforcing our immigration laws, we will raise wages, help the unemployed, save billions of dollars, and make our communities safer for everyone. We want all Americans to succeed — but that can’t happen in an environment of lawless chaos. We must restore integrity and the rule of law to our borders.

For that reason, we will soon begin the construction of a great wall along our southern border. It will be started ahead of schedule and, when finished, it will be a very effective weapon against drugs and crime.

As we speak, we are removing gang members, drug dealers and criminals that threaten our communities and prey on our citizens. Bad ones are going out as I speak tonight and as I have promised.

To any in Congress who do not believe we should enforce our laws, I would ask you this question: what would you say to the American family that loses their jobs, their income, or a loved one, because America refused to uphold its laws and defend its borders?

Our obligation is to serve, protect, and defend the citizens of the United States. We are also taking strong measures to protect our Nation from Radical Islamic Terrorism.

According to data provided by the Department of Justice, the vast majority of individuals convicted for terrorism-related offenses since 9/11 came here from outside of our country. We have seen the attacks at home — from Boston to San Bernardino to the Pentagon and yes, even the World Trade Center.

We have seen the attacks in France, in Belgium, in Germany and all over the world.

It is not compassionate, but reckless, to allow uncontrolled entry from places where proper vetting cannot occur.

Those given the high honor of admission to the United States should support this country and love its people and its values.

We cannot allow a beachhead of terrorism to form inside America — we cannot allow our Nation to become a sanctuary for extremists.

That is why my Administration has been working on improved vetting procedures, and we will shortly take new steps to keep our Nation safe — and to keep out those who would do us harm.

As promised, I directed the Department of Defense to develop a plan to demolish and destroy ISIS — a network of lawless savages that have slaughtered Muslims and Christians, and men, women, and children of all faiths and beliefs. We will work with our allies, including our friends and allies in the Muslim world, to extinguish this vile enemy from our planet.

I have also imposed new sanctions on entities and individuals who support Iran’s ballistic missile program, and reaffirmed our unbreakable alliance with the State of Israel.

Finally, I have kept my promise to appoint a Justice to the United States Supreme Court — from my list of 20 judges — who will defend our Constitution. I am honored to have Maureen Scalia with us in the gallery tonight. Her late, great husband, Antonin Scalia, will forever be a symbol of American justice. To fill his seat, we have chosen Judge Neil Gorsuch, a man of incredible skill, and deep devotion to the law. He was confirmed unanimously to the Court of Appeals, and I am asking the Senate to swiftly approve his nomination.

Tonight, as I outline the next steps we must take as a country, we must honestly acknowledge the circumstances we inherited.

Ninety-four million Americans are out of the labor force.

Over 43 million people are now living in poverty, and over 43 million Americans are on food stamps.

More than 1 in 5 people in their prime working years are not working.

We have the worst financial recovery in 65 years.

In the last 8 years, the past Administration has put on more new debt than nearly all other Presidents combined.

We’ve lost more than one-fourth of our manufacturing jobs since NAFTA was approved, and we’ve lost 60,000 factories since China joined the World Trade Organization in 2001.

Our trade deficit in goods with the world last year was nearly $800 billion dollars.

And overseas, we have inherited a series of tragic foreign policy disasters.

Solving these, and so many other pressing problems, will require us to work past the differences of party. It will require us to tap into the American spirit that has overcome every challenge throughout our long and storied history.

But to accomplish our goals at home and abroad, we must restart the engine of the American economy — making it easier for companies to do business in the United States, and much harder for companies to leave.

Right now, American companies are taxed at one of the highest rates anywhere in the world.

My economic team is developing historic tax reform that will reduce the tax rate on our companies so they can compete and thrive anywhere and with anyone. At the same time, we will provide massive tax relief for the middle class.

We must create a level playing field for American companies and workers.

Currently, when we ship products out of America, many other countries make us pay very high tariffs and taxes — but when foreign companies ship their products into America, we charge them almost nothing.

I just met with officials and workers from a great American company, Harley-Davidson. In fact, they proudly displayed five of their magnificent motorcycles, made in the USA, on the front lawn of the White House.

At our meeting, I asked them, how are you doing, how is business? They said that it’s good. I asked them further how they are doing with other countries, mainly international sales. They told me — without even complaining because they have been mistreated for so long that they have become used to it — that it is very hard to do business with other countries because they tax our goods at such a high rate. They said that in one case another country taxed their motorcycles at 100 percent.

They weren’t even asking for change. But I am.

I believe strongly in free trade but it also has to be FAIR TRADE.

The first Republican President, Abraham Lincoln, warned that the “abandonment of the protective policy by the American Government [will] produce want and ruin among our people.”

Lincoln was right — and it is time we heeded his words. I am not going to let America and its great companies and workers, be taken advantage of anymore.

I am going to bring back millions of jobs. Protecting our workers also means reforming our system of legal immigration. The current, outdated system depresses wages for our poorest workers, and puts great pressure on taxpayers.

Nations around the world, like Canada, Australia and many others — have a merit-based immigration system. It is a basic principle that those seeking to enter a country ought to be able to support themselves financially. Yet, in America, we do not enforce this rule, straining the very public resources that our poorest citizens rely upon. According to the National Academy of Sciences, our current immigration system costs America’s taxpayers many billions of dollars a year.

Switching away from this current system of lower-skilled immigration, and instead adopting a merit-based system, will have many benefits: it will save countless dollars, raise workers’ wages, and help struggling families — including immigrant families — enter the middle class.

I believe that real and positive immigration reform is possible, as long as we focus on the following goals: to improve jobs and wages for Americans, to strengthen our nation’s security, and to restore respect for our laws.

If we are guided by the well-being of American citizens then I believe Republicans and Democrats can work together to achieve an outcome that has eluded our country for decades.

Another Republican President, Dwight D. Eisenhower, initiated the last truly great national infrastructure program — the building of the interstate highway system. The time has come for a new program of national rebuilding.

America has spent approximately six trillion dollars in the Middle East, all this while our infrastructure at home is crumbling. With this six trillion dollars we could have rebuilt our country — twice. And maybe even three times if we had people who had the ability to negotiate.

To launch our national rebuilding, I will be asking the Congress to approve legislation that produces a $1 trillion investment in the infrastructure of the United States — financed through both public and private capital — creating millions of new jobs.

This effort will be guided by two core principles: Buy American, and Hire American.

Tonight, I am also calling on this Congress to repeal and replace Obamacare with reforms that expand choice, increase access, lower costs, and at the same time, provide better Healthcare.

Mandating every American to buy government-approved health insurance was never the right solution for America. The way to make health insurance available to everyone is to lower the cost of health insurance, and that is what we will do.

Obamacare premiums nationwide have increased by double and triple digits. As an example, Arizona went up 116 percent last year alone. Governor Matt Bevin of Kentucky just said Obamacare is failing in his State — it is unsustainable and collapsing.

One third of counties have only one insurer on the exchanges — leaving many Americans with no choice at all.

Remember when you were told that you could keep your doctor, and keep your plan?

We now know that all of those promises have been broken.

Obamacare is collapsing — and we must act decisively to protect all Americans. Action is not a choice — it is a necessity.

So I am calling on all Democrats and Republicans in the Congress to work with us to save Americans from this imploding Obamacare disaster.

Here are the principles that should guide the Congress as we move to create a better healthcare system for all Americans:

First, we should ensure that Americans with pre-existing conditions have access to coverage, and that we have a stable transition for Americans currently enrolled in the healthcare exchanges.

Secondly, we should help Americans purchase their own coverage, through the use of tax credits and expanded Health Savings Accounts — but it must be the plan they want, not the plan forced on them by the Government.

Thirdly, we should give our great State Governors the resources and flexibility they need with Medicaid to make sure no one is left out.

Fourthly, we should implement legal reforms that protect patients and doctors from unnecessary costs that drive up the price of insurance — and work to bring down the artificially high price of drugs and bring them down immediately.

Finally, the time has come to give Americans the freedom to purchase health insurance across State lines — creating a truly competitive national marketplace that will bring cost way down and provide far better care.
Everything that is broken in our country can be fixed. Every problem can be solved. And every hurting family can find healing, and hope.

Our citizens deserve this, and so much more — so why not join forces to finally get it done? On this and so many other things, Democrats and Republicans should get together and unite for the good of our country, and for the good of the American people.

My administration wants to work with members in both parties to make childcare accessible and affordable, to help ensure new parents have paid family leave, to invest in women’s health, and to promote clean air and clear water, and to rebuild our military and our infrastructure.

True love for our people requires us to find common ground, to advance the common good, and to cooperate on behalf of every American child who deserves a brighter future.

An incredible young woman is with us this evening who should serve as an inspiration to us all.

Today is Rare Disease day, and joining us in the gallery is a Rare Disease Survivor, Megan Crowley. Megan was diagnosed with Pompe Disease, a rare and serious illness, when she was 15 months old. She was not expected to live past 5.

On receiving this news, Megan’s dad, John, fought with everything he had to save the life of his precious child. He founded a company to look for a cure, and helped develop the drug that saved Megan’s life. Today she is 20 years old — and a sophomore at Notre Dame.

Megan’s story is about the unbounded power of a father’s love for a daughter.

But our slow and burdensome approval process at the Food and Drug Administration keeps too many advances, like the one that saved Megan’s life, from reaching those in need.

If we slash the restraints, not just at the FDA but across our Government, then we will be blessed with far more miracles like Megan.

In fact, our children will grow up in a Nation of miracles.

But to achieve this future, we must enrich the mind — and the souls — of every American child.

Education is the civil rights issue of our time.

I am calling upon Members of both parties to pass an education bill that funds school choice for disadvantaged youth, including millions of African-American and Latino children. These families should be free to choose the public, private, charter, magnet, religious or home school that is right for them.

Joining us tonight in the gallery is a remarkable woman, Denisha Merriweather. As a young girl, Denisha struggled in school and failed third grade twice. But then she was able to enroll in a private center for learning, with the help of a tax credit scholarship program. Today, she is the first in her family to graduate, not just from high school, but from college. Later this year she will get her masters degree in social work.

We want all children to be able to break the cycle of poverty just like Denisha.

But to break the cycle of poverty, we must also break the cycle of violence.

The murder rate in 2015 experienced its largest single-year increase in nearly half a century.

In Chicago, more than 4,000 people were shot last year alone — and the murder rate so far this year has been even higher.

This is not acceptable in our society.

Every American child should be able to grow up in a safe community, to attend a great school, and to have access to a high-paying job.

But to create this future, we must work with — not against — the men and women of law enforcement.

We must build bridges of cooperation and trust — not drive the wedge of disunity and division.

Police and sheriffs are members of our community. They are friends and neighbors, they are mothers and fathers, sons and daughters — and they leave behind loved ones every day who worry whether or not they’ll come home safe and sound.

We must support the incredible men and women of law enforcement.

And we must support the victims of crime.

I have ordered the Department of Homeland Security to create an office to serve American Victims. The office is called VOICE — Victims Of Immigration Crime Engagement. We are providing a voice to those who have been ignored by our media, and silenced by special interests.

Joining us in the audience tonight are four very brave Americans whose government failed them.

Their names are Jamiel Shaw, Susan Oliver, Jenna Oliver, and Jessica Davis.

Jamiel’s 17-year-old son was viciously murdered by an illegal immigrant gang member, who had just been released from prison. Jamiel Shaw Jr. was an incredible young man, with unlimited potential who was getting ready to go to college where he would have excelled as a great quarterback. But he never got the chance. His father, who is in the audience tonight, has become a good friend of mine.

Also with us are Susan Oliver and Jessica Davis. Their husbands — Deputy Sheriff Danny Oliver and Detective Michael Davis — were slain in the line of duty in California. They were pillars of their community. These brave men were viciously gunned down by an illegal immigrant with a criminal record and two prior deportations.

Sitting with Susan is her daughter, Jenna. Jenna: I want you to know that your father was a hero, and that tonight you have the love of an entire country supporting you and praying for you.

To Jamiel, Jenna, Susan and Jessica: I want you to know — we will never stop fighting for justice. Your loved ones will never be forgotten, we will always honor their memory.

Finally, to keep America Safe we must provide the men and women of the United States military with the tools they need to prevent war and — if they must — to fight and to win.

I am sending the Congress a budget that rebuilds the military, eliminates the Defense sequester, and calls for one of the largest increases in national defense spending in American history.

My budget will also increase funding for our veterans.

Our veterans have delivered for this Nation — and now we must deliver for them.

The challenges we face as a Nation are great. But our people are even greater.

And none are greater or braver than those who fight for America in uniform.

We are blessed to be joined tonight by Carryn Owens, the widow of a U.S. Navy Special Operator, Senior Chief William “Ryan” Owens. Ryan died as he lived: a warrior, and a hero — battling against terrorism and securing our Nation.

I just spoke to General Mattis, who reconfirmed that, and I quote, “Ryan was a part of a highly successful raid that generated large amounts of vital intelligence that will lead to many more victories in the future against our enemies.” Ryan’s legacy is etched into eternity. For as the Bible teaches us, there is no greater act of love than to lay down one’s life for one’s friends. Ryan laid down his life for his friends, for his country, and for our freedom — we will never forget him.

To those allies who wonder what kind of friend America will be, look no further than the heroes who wear our uniform.

Our foreign policy calls for a direct, robust and meaningful engagement with the world. It is American leadership based on vital security interests that we share with our allies across the globe.

We strongly support NATO, an alliance forged through the bonds of two World Wars that dethroned fascism, and a Cold War that defeated communism.

But our partners must meet their financial obligations.

And now, based on our very strong and frank discussions, they are beginning to do just that.

We expect our partners, whether in NATO, in the Middle East, or the Pacific — to take a direct and meaningful role in both strategic and military operations, and pay their fair share of the cost.

We will respect historic institutions, but we will also respect the sovereign rights of nations.

Free nations are the best vehicle for expressing the will of the people — and America respects the right of all nations to chart their own path. My job is not to represent the world. My job is to represent the United States of America. But we know that America is better off, when there is less conflict — not more.

We must learn from the mistakes of the past — we have seen the war and destruction that have raged across our world.

The only long-term solution for these humanitarian disasters is to create the conditions where displaced persons can safely return home and begin the long process of rebuilding.

America is willing to find new friends, and to forge new partnerships, where shared interests align. We want harmony and stability, not war and conflict.

We want peace, wherever peace can be found. America is friends today with former enemies. Some of our closest allies, decades ago, fought on the opposite side of these World Wars. This history should give us all faith in the possibilities for a better world.

Hopefully, the 250th year for America will see a world that is more peaceful, more just and more free.

On our 100th anniversary, in 1876, citizens from across our Nation came to Philadelphia to celebrate America’s centennial. At that celebration, the country’s builders and artists and inventors showed off their creations.

Alexander Graham Bell displayed his telephone for the first time.

Remington unveiled the first typewriter. An early attempt was made at electric light.

Thomas Edison showed an automatic telegraph and an electric pen.

Imagine the wonders our country could know in America’s 250th year.

Think of the marvels we can achieve if we simply set free the dreams of our people.

Cures to illnesses that have always plagued us are not too much to hope.

American footprints on distant worlds are not too big a dream.

Millions lifted from welfare to work is not too much to expect.

And streets where mothers are safe from fear — schools where children learn in peace — and jobs where Americans prosper and grow — are not too much to ask.

When we have all of this, we will have made America greater than ever before. For all Americans.

This is our vision. This is our mission.

But we can only get there together.

We are one people, with one destiny.

We all bleed the same blood.

We all salute the same flag.

And we are all made by the same God.

And when we fulfill this vision; when we celebrate our 250 years of glorious freedom, we will look back on tonight as

The time for small thinking is over. The time for trivial fights is behind us.

We just need the courage to share the dreams that fill our hearts.

The bravery to express the hopes that stir our souls.

And the confidence to turn those hopes and dreams to action.

From now on, America will be empowered by our aspirations, not burdened by our fears — inspired by the future, not bound by the failures of the past — and guided by our vision, not blinded by our doubts.

I am asking all citizens to embrace this Renewal of the American Spirit. I am asking all members of Congress to join me in dreaming big, and bold and daring things for our country. And I am asking everyone watching tonight to seize this moment and —

Believe in yourselves.

Believe in your future.

And believe, once more, in America.

Thank you, God bless you, and God Bless these United States.


Transcript and video courtesy of CNN.

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